Testicular cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of one or both testicles. The testicles are 2 egg-shaped glands located inside the scrotum (a sac of loose skin that lies directly below the penis).

The testicles are the male sex glands and produce testosterone and sperm. Germ cells within the testicles produce immature sperm that travel through a network of tubules and larger tubes into the epididymis where the sperm mature and are stored.

 

Almost all testicular cancers start in the germ cells. The two main types of testicular germ cell tumors are seminomas and nonseminomas. These 2 types grow and spread differently and are treated differently.

Risk factors for testicular cancer include:

  • Having had an undescended testicle
  • Having had abnormal development of the testicles
  • Having a personal history of testicular cancer
  • Having a family history of testicular cancer (especially in a father or brother)
  • Being Caucasian

Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:

  • Swelling or discomfort in the scrotum
  • A painless lump or swelling in either testicle
  • A change in how the testicle feels
  • A dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin
  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or in the scrotum

Clinical Information Related to Testicular Cancer and Medical Marijuana

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