The COVID-19 pandemic brought the world to an incredible standstill. Even as quarantine restrictions are being lifted in some areas of the globe, COVID has done much damage and left many pressing challenges in its wake.
Emphysema is one type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a category of lung diseases that also includes chronic bronchitis and bronchiectasis.
Emphysema is caused by damage to the alveoli, the tiny air sacs in the lung where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place. With emphysema, damage to the alveoli results in air becoming trapped, causing them to expand and rupture.