What is Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome?
Cannabis hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is a rare and often misdiagnosed cause of nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. The condition develops after frequent and long-term use of cannabis. The symptoms can be so severe that some patients require hospitalization for dehydration.
CHS may affect an estimated 0.2% to 0.5% of cannabis users but has only been described in peer-reviewed journals since 2004, when it was first reported by Australian physicians who were treating a woman with nausea and vomiting that occurred every time she smoked marijuana—but not when she ingested the plant in other ways or took other drugs together with cannabis! Read on to learn more about what causes this condition, how it is diagnosed and treated, as well as its risks if left untreated or under-treated…
What is cannabis hyperemesis syndrome (CHS)?
Cannabis hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is a rare condition characterized by nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. It’s more likely to occur in people who use high doses of cannabis, most often reported with THC.
The symptoms of CHS are caused by long-term use of marijuana, which can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalances that cause severe stomach pain.
Who is at risk of developing CHS?
You are at risk of developing CHS if you are a long-term, high-dose cannabis user. This means that you have been using the plant for years and take it regularly.
How is cannabis hyperemesis syndrome diagnosed and treated?
Cannabis hyperemesis syndrome is diagnosed based on symptoms, which can be difficult to differentiate from other conditions. If you have CHS and are being treated for it, your doctor will likely ask you about your medical history and use of cannabis.
If you’re experiencing symptoms of CHS, the first step toward treatment is to stop using marijuana altogether–even if it’s low-THC or hemp-derived (which won’t get you high). You may also want to try taking hot showers or baths as soon as possible after waking up in the morning for several days until your symptoms subside. If these methods don’t work within 24 hours, go see a doctor right away.
What are the risks of untreated or under-treated CHS?
- Chronic dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and malnutrition.
- Increased risk of kidney damage.
- Increased risk of liver damage.
- Increased risk of stomach and intestinal cancer.
- Depression or suicide may result from chronic pain, anxiety and/or depression associated with CHS symptoms.
If you experience nausea, vomiting or dehydration after using cannabis, see your healthcare provider.
If you experience nausea, vomiting or dehydration after using cannabis use, see your healthcare provider.
As with any drug or substance you’re considering using while pregnant or breastfeeding, avoid cannabis until after pregnancy has ended. If you have a pre-existing medical condition, including heart disease and hypertension (high blood pressure), avoid cannabis use as it may make symptoms worse. If your family has a history of CHS and/or other forms of cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS), also known as related conditions such as hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) during pregnancy–a severe form of morning sickness where women vomit constantly throughout their pregnancies–avoid using marijuana altogether.
Cannabis hyperemesis syndrome is a rare and serious condition that can lead to dehydration, electrolyte abnormalities and even death. If you experience nausea, vomiting or other symptoms after using cannabis, see your healthcare provider right away.
If you are looking to receive professional advice from cannabis-friendly medical professionals, look no further than our expertise here at United Patients Group. We are the leading source for patient information on medical marijuana featuring medical insights, reliable recommendations from industry experts, and lab-tested product reviews. Contact us today to book your first appointment with us.